2nd December 1955: John Ronald Reuel Tolkien ( 1892 – 1973) the South African-born philologist and author of ‘The Hobbit’ and ‘The Lord Of The Rings’. Original Publication: Picture Post – 8464 – Professor J R R Tolkien – unpub. Original Publication: People Disc – HM0232 (Photo by Haywood Magee/Getty Images)